There are many types of physiotherapy. There are also special fields where physiotherapists can choose to specialize. These areas include pediatrics, women's health, and sports medicine plus much more. You can get to know more about neurological physiotherapy via visiting https://therapia.com/conditions/neurological-conditions/.
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In general, there are three main areas of physiotherapy which are explained below:
Musculoskeletal- This is a treatment for bones, joints, and muscles. The most common forms of injury/illness included in this type are common conditions such as chronic back pain, arthritis, sprains, sports injuries, posture problems, reduced mobility, and incontinence. After surgery, this can also be offered to help with rehabilitation.
Cardiothoracic- This refers to the treatment of disorders related to the cardio-respiratory system. This includes things like asthma, chronic bronchitis, and emphysema. This form of physiotherapy can also help in rehabilitation after thoracic surgery.
Neurological – This involves disorders related to the nervous system. For example, people who have had a stroke, spinal cord injuries, head injuries, have Parkinson's disease or multiple sclerosis can be helped with the use of neurological physiotherapy. It can also help rehabilitation after brain surgery. To treat a variety of conditions, physiotherapists use a number of techniques. This includes:
Manual therapy – This includes massage, stretching, resistance training, and manipulation as well as joint and spinal mobilization.
Exercise program – You may be asked to complete a number of exercises under your practitioner's guidance and direction. This might include muscle strengthening, cardiovascular training, stretching, and retraining posture.
Electrotherapy techniques – This includes treatment methods such as transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), laser therapy, diathermy, and ultrasound.
Other Techniques- There are many techniques other than those mentioned above that are used to treat a number of conditions. Some of these treatments include: correcting incorrect exercise techniques, taping and splinting, providing information about equipment assistance, such as wheelchairs and walking frames.