Fabrics made from natural or man-made material must go through a series of processes. The use of chemicals in making textiles is quite common.
Textile chemicals are designed to act in a certain way to change the texture, color, or luster of the yarn. In fact, the journey from wool mess to beautiful fabrics is possible because of textile chemicals. Statistically, chemicals contribute about 27 percent of the weight of the fabric being processed.
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Very few industries use chemicals in large proportions such as the textile industry. Environmentalists warn about that because some chemicals are not completely safe.
Why are there so many uses for chemicals?
Many people are amazed by the very high use of chemicals in the textile industry. There is a fundamental reason behind it. Technically, fabric processing is called 'wet processing' where liquid plays an important role in the whole process. There are processes such as soaking, maturing and coloring where chemicals have an important role.
This is a complex process sequence in which one process depends on another. Textile chemicals act as wetting agents, dispersing agents, surfactants, stabilizers, and emulsifiers during various stages of production.
It is important to maintain a balanced pH level during production because it affects the strength and luster of the fabric. Therefore, there are binders and yeast, and pH-regulating chemicals are used.